Even before this year's events, energy security has been a particularly hot topic in the relations between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. At the same time, the dependence of Europe on Russian gas means that the European Union itself has had a high stake in maintaining the peaceful relations in the region, and subsequently the flow of this vital energy source. With the Russian involvement into the Ukrainian crisis, the rapidly deteriorating relations between the two states, and the increasing pressure from both the European Union and the United States of America, the simulation promises to be an action-packed and challenging experience for all participants. But be warned: it is not for the faint-hearted!
What is a Joint Cabinet Crisis?
Unlike the majority of simulations featured at MUNs, where participants represent a particular state, a joint cabinet crisis (or JCC) simulation instead asks them to take on the roles of presidents, ministers or other public officials. Participants will have to indentify with their post, including with the institutional, political, bureaucratic and personal burdens that come with being a member of or an invitee to either the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine, or the Security Council of the Russian Federation.
The two national security councils will be simulated separately, in two different rooms. However, the essential feature of the simulation will be the amount of live interaction to take place between the two councils. Your decisions will influence debate in the other council, and vice versa. At the same time, how you act will be crucial in deciding the outcome of both the crisis itself and the future of energy security in the wider region.
more than 25 years of efforts to reduce fossil fuel consumption and boost
renewable energy use fossil fuels keep dominating the global energy
consumption. At this point the percentage of fossil fuels in the global energy
consumption mix remains at 82% despite more than two decades of subsidies and
government policies to reduce the reliance on such fuels. However, the quantities of our primary source
of energy are limited and we have already reached “peak oil” in 2006 according
to International Energy Agency (IEA) report. This inevitable fact, jointly with
more expensive extraction of oil from new locations/sources, increasing demands
and occasional or prolonged political and/or social instability in oil
exporting countries often leads to rapid increases in oil prices which
negatively affect energy security. Security aspect is only one of the aspects
why reliance on fossil fuels is unsustainable. Global emissions of greenhouse
gases which are the main cause of climate change have also increased to
unprecedented levels due to burning of fossil fuels. Climate change is a
dangerous enemy to the whole planet, while the environmental catastrophes
connected to it have devastating consequences. We must rid ourselves of the
illusion that we can drill our way to energy and price security and stop
climate change. Although it is clear that we cannot phase out fossil fuels
overnight we must make a decisive and committed step towards phase-out as
rapidly as we can.
The G-20 sees this problem as vital and is involving different stakeholder, one of which is UNEP, to reduce the negative effects that insufficient commitment to reduce the reliance on fossil fuels has. In 2009, G-20 Leaders have agreed to phase out subsidies that “encourage wasteful consumption, reduce our energy security, impede investment in clean energy sources and undermine efforts to deal with the threat of climate change”. However, the progress has been limited. In 2012 world’s wealthiest nations subsidized five times as much fossil fuels related measures than climate aid measures. Further action by G-20 is imminent and urgent!
Members of the Security Council of the Russian Federation:
1) President – Vladimir Putin
2) Chairman of the Government – Dmitry Medvedev
3) Minister of Foreign Affairs – Sergei Lavrov
4) Minister of Defence – Sergei Shoigu
5) Minister of Energy – Alexander Novak
6) Head of the Federal Security Service – Aleksandr Bortnikov
+ Secretary of the Council – Nikolai Patrushev (part of the Conference Secretariat)
1) President – Oleksandr Turchynov
2) Prime Minister – Arseniy Yatsenyuk
3) Minister of Foreign Affairs – Andriy Deshchytsia
4) Minister of Defense – Mykhailo Koval
5) Minister of Internal Affairs – Arsen Avakov
6) Minister of Energy and Coal Industry – Yuriy Prodan
7) Representative of the European Union (invitee)
8) Representative of the United States of America (invitee)
+ Secretary of the Council – Andriy Parubiy (part of the Conference Secretariat)